Abstract content and format



 Abstracts should be structured following 
a number of sub-headings:


maximum 
number 
of words:

 1. Abstract title:

25

 2. Study question:

25

 3. Summary answer:

25

 4. What is known already:

100

 5. Study design, size, duration:

75

 6. Participants/materials, setting, methods:

75

 7. Main results and the role of chance:

200

 8. Limitations, reasons for caution:

50

 9. Wider implications of the findings:

50

 10. Study funding/competing interest(s):

select option

 11. Trial registration number:

25


Each sub-heading will be only be allowed a fixed number of words, as mentioned above. 
The full abstracts must not exceed a maximum of 625 words.

 

Please observe the following while preparing the submission of your abstract:

  • Abstracts should be submitted in English only.

  • Abbreviations can be used after defining them first. 

  • The use of graphs, tables and images is strongly discouraged.

  • Abstract title. Do not use capital letters and do not indent. The title should reflect the content. 

  • List the authors with family name first, followed by initials (i.e. Jones, B.; Smith, J.; and Simpson, A.) The name of the first author is also the presenting author. Do not include professional titles or degrees.

  • Prepare a minimum of at least two, maximum five keywords.

  • Authors are urged to carefully consider the list of topics, before indicating the single most appropriate topic for their abstract.


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